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H Journal of Zooloo\^




Vol. VI., 181)!).


Issued at the Zoological Musei'm, Trino.






See Introductory Notes to "A Review of the Oriiithnlogy of tlu' Galapagos Islands, the Diaries of Messrs. Harris and Drowne, and General Remarks about the Fauna of the Galapagos Islands. Walter RoTHSCHim and Ernst Hahtf.rt 85-142


Demhuihujiis mn.eimns. Walter lioTHSfHiLD. (Plate [.) .... 217


1. Kurtliei- Not(>< oil lluuiuiing- Birds. Ern.st IIaktkrt 72 7.5

2. Note on Casnarhm i'asiinrlua sdaleri. Walter IToTiisnin.n .... 7,5

3. On the Birds collected by Mr. Meek on Bossel Island in the Ixjuisiade .\rclii-

pelago. Ernst IIarteht 70 8-t

( vi )

4. A Eeviow of the Ornithology of th«> Galapagos Islamls, witli Not^s on the

Webster- Han-is Expedition. (Plates V., VI.) Wai.tkr Kothsciiii.d and Ern'st Hartekt ;

Part I. jntrddiictorv Notes ........ 8."i 86

Part II. Diary of ChaHcs .Mill, r ir.mis .'^C—lOt

Part III. Notes from the Diary <>i .Mi I'. I'. Drcwn.- . lii4-l:1D

Part TV. List of the most important works and articles on the Fauna of the (Jalapagos Isl.mds, refeired lo in the followiii<r

pages 13.")— 1:!6

Part V. General Hem.-irks about the l''auna of thi' tialapagos

Islands 136—142

Part Vf. 'I'he Birds of th.- (Jalap;, gos Islands .... 142—205

5, On the Birds collecte<l hv Mr. Meek on St. Aignan Islands in the Lonisiade

Archipelago. Kkn.st Haktert ........ 20G— 217

Ti. On .some Itarc Birds from New Guinea and the Sula Isl.ands. \\ ai.teu

RoTHSCmi.l). (Plates II. ami III.) 218-219

7. On some Species of the Genera (lydop.-^ilta and Ptilinopns (Plate IV.) . 219

8. The Genus Apteryx, with a (.'hapter on the Anatomy of the Kiwis by

F. Beddard (Plates IX.— XVI.). Walter Rotuschild . . . 301—402

9. Li.st of a collection of Birds made at Gambaga, in the Gold-Coast Hinterland,

by ('apt. W. (JitTard. Ernst IlARTEnT 403—422

10. On some birds from Gape York, North Queensland. Fknst IIautkrt . 423— 42S

11. Oi\ Mipomela ruhmciKulUda Tristr. Erkst Uartert 428


Note on Testiulu numeirei. Waliek ItoTiisciin.n ... . 359 300

( vii ) lvKl'Il)(»PTKi;.\.


1. Ntiw Spucies ami Genera ut' the Families Di-e^mnuilihie, 'rin/i-i'lulue, Cniitii'lae, EpipleniUhie, ami GeumelrkUw, from tlie Oid-W'urM Regions. W. Wahrkx 1 _6C

i. .Some New Eastern Lepidoptera. W.vlter lioTiisciiiLD .... 07 71

3. A .Mouograpli of Chariixcs and the allied Prioiiopteroiis Genera (cunliuiiel

from V^ol v.). Walter Rothschild and Karl Jordan . . . 220 —286

1. New Urejiiinididae, Tkijild'uhn:, and GeoiiietrkUie, from the Aethiopian Region.

\V. Wahrkx 287—312

5 New Drepanulidoe. Thijrididae, Ejjiplemidne, Uraniidae, and Geoiiielridctf, from

the Oriental and Palaearctic Regions. W. Warren . . . 313 359

0 On .some New Lepidoptera from the Kast. Walter Rothschild and Karl

Jordan 129 Hi


Plate I. Dendrolugus ma.eimuis Roth.scb. (Trep Kang.iiuo from Xew Guinea, from the type specimen. C'olouivd by hand.)

II. CliannosijDH atnilii Kothscli. and OreostrtUhus fidiginosus De Vis (Two

Birds from New Guinea. The VluiriitnsiinK from the type. Coloured hy hand.)

,, III. Ifrita ccrronaUi Hothsch. and Pitta do/terli/i Rothsch. (Two Eastern Bii-ds. From the tyjie.'^. Coloured by hand.)

IV. Heads of four Parrots and two Pigeons. (Mostly from the types. Coloured by hand.)

,, V. Views from tlie Galapagos Islands. (Delineated fiom Pliotographs.)

VI. < Mithne-ligures of Beaks of the Genus Geospi.ji from the Galapago.s

Islands. (See ex[ilauatiiin opposite to plate.)

, VII. Pliite of C'iutni.ixii. (Photographed from nature. See explanation opposite to |ilate.)

,. VIII. Plate of (jtuiraxen. (Coloured by hand. .See explanation opiw.site to Plate VII.)

,. IX. A/d';ri/.c cciinlmlis. (Photogi-aphiil fmm life, in two positiou.s.)

,, X. Aj>teri/.c amslrulis iitaittclli. ( I'hotographeil from life.)

») -\'l. -l/ileri/.c uwfMt. (Photograplii'd frcnii life.)

). -Xll. A/ileri/x otveni occideulaliti. (Photographed fiom life.)

,. .Mil. A/d^i-i/.i: /laasti. (Plnitiigra|ilied frum life.)

,, XIV. Apliri/.r aiintmlis. (I>rawn by Keulemans.)

.W. Uil-glanil of A/Uer,/.,- haiisli. (;.;.)

W'\. Pelvis of Ai'liu-i/j: oireiii and .1. iii'ylmlis. (Nat. size.)


Vol. VI. APRIL, 1899. No. 1.





Family DREPANULIDAE. 1. Cobanilla erminea sp. uov.

Forew/'/iffs : brown-black, with darker trausver.se striae ; basal area pinkish ochreous, varied with grey and silvery scales, bounded by a dark browu Hue or shade from costa at one-third, sharply angled on the subcostal, and curved inward to near base of inner margin ; from two-thirds of inner margin an obscure dark line runs straight and oblique towards apex as far as vein 6, where it is most acutely angled, and runs back to meet a browu costal streak at two-thirds : except for the two browu streaks the custa is pale throughout ; marginal area less browu than central, with transverse sooty specks ; discocellular dark, with slight silvery dots at the angles.

Ilindwings : uniform browu, with a curved deeper browu cloud beyond the discocellular; faint traces of darker specks towards apex; inner margin and the course of the lower veins studded with silvery scales ; fringe of both wings concolorous with wing, and slightly glistening.

Underside of forewiugs dull red, speckled and towards liindmargiu suffused with blackish ; the outer oblique line distinct, lustrous-edged : of hiudwings bright red, spotted with black along costa and hindmargin. Vertex, face, palpi, legs, and abdomen beneath brilliant red ; shoulders nearly white ; thorax ochreous grey ; abdomen like hiudwings.

Ex2Jause of wings : :i4 mm.

One 6 from St. Aignan, November 1«9T (A. S. Meek).

A second example from Kei Island, much worn, evidcutly belongs to the same species, the uudersurface beiug precisely the same ; but above the whole of the wings is reddish fawu-colour, with a few brown striae, and the basal area but slightly paler. It is apparently a local form.

:i. Cobanilla fulgens sp. uov.

Forewings : olive-brown; the costa paler, pinkish, with a few black scales; the costal edge ochraceous ; discocellular marked with dots of white scales; the costa and outer half of wing lustrous jaearly, leaving ouly a triangular space


( 2 )

inclmlinj,' Ihe cell aud a patch at anal angle of the deep ground-coloui- ; fringe Instrons red-brown.

Himhcings: deepening in tinf. towards hindinargin ; fringe as in forewings, but preceded by a broad lustrous line ; discocellnlar as in forewings.

Underside of forewings reddish grey, the grey becoming darker towards hind- margin ; a dark irrey obliiine outer line, and grey cell-spot ; hindwings redder throughout, dajjpled with dull grey ; fringe of both wings bright red. Fiwe, fillet, legs, and underside of abdomen crimson ; thorax and abdomen pinkish grey, the latter along dorsum olive-brown like the wings.

E.xpanse of wings : 34 mm.

One c? from Mount Dnlit, Borneo (Hose).

Apex of forewings produced ; hindmargin excised to vein i, where there is a blunt elbow.

o. Cobanilla triumbrata sp. nov.

Forewings: yellowish fulvous ; the costa broadly paler, more pinkish, and speckled with blackish scales ; an oblique diffuse deeper fulvous shade from oue- third of inner margin : a second at two-thirds, slightly sinuous, neither reaching the costa ; a broad marginal deep fulvous fascia containing an obscure dentate sub- marginal line, only distinct at anal angle, where it forms two blackish lilac-edged spots on veins 1 and "2 ; fringe fulvous, marked with blackish beyond cell and above anal angle, these blackish patches preceded by lilac-grey marginal lunnles or streaks ; discocellular marked in white.

Ilindtvings : similar, the deeper shades less distinct, the whole central space between them being filled up with fulvous.

Underside yellow, with transverse bright fulvous striae, and fulvous suffusion at anal angle of both wings and apex of hindwing. Head, thorax, and abdomen like wings ; top of face, palpi, and forelegs crimson.

Expanse of wings : 39 mm.

One ? from Penang, May 1897 (Curtis).

Along with this ? came a <?, with the same locality and date, which is certainly Oreta verenica Swiuh., described from Singapore; though different in appearance, size, and coloration, they may prove the same species.

The species described by me as Cobanilla hepaticata, from Sandakan, Nov. ZooL. IV. p. 13, is undoubtedly identical with Swinhoe's Oreta verenica.

4. Cobanilla unilinea sp. nov.

Forewings : flull fulvous, with a lilac tinge ; the lower arm of the angnlated discocellnlar marked with white scales ; a deeper fulvous diffuse shade from costa just before middle, traversing the discocellular, and very obscurely curved to towards base of inner margin ; a deejier fulvous slightly flexuous line, edged externally with pale yellowish from just beyond middle of inner margin into apex ; fringe deep fulvous.

Hindwings : with paler costal area ; deeper fulvous central and marginal shades ; the submarginal area with a few black scales aud traces of two curved rows of darker spots between the veins ; discocellular marked as in tbrewings.

Underside yellower ; the fulvous streaks aud suffusion brighter ; the oblique line of forewing continued more broadly across middle of hindwing. Face and palpi

( 3 )

bright scarlet ; thorax and abdomen like wings ; the shoulders and base of patagia pinkish white.

Expanse of wings : 48 mm.

One ? from Ron Island, July 18i»T (Doherty).

The apex of forewings bluntly ronnded and but slightly produced, the hind- margin only faintly indented below it, then curved.

5. Cyclura confiisata sp. nov.

Forewings : greyish liver-colour, tinged with glossy lilac ; the costal area paler ; the whole wing crossed by numerous irregularly waved blackish lines, arranged in pairs and forming indistinct fasciae ; tawny patches beyond and below the end of cell, and above anal angle ; fringe brown-black.

lUndwings: similar; the whole of the marginal apical area tawny, with the black lines thickened.

Underside ferruginous, mixed with blackish grey; a thick postmediau blackish shade on both wings. Head, thorax, and abdomen like wings.

Expanse of wings : 39 mm.

One ? from Laiwui, Obi, September 1807 (Doherty).

The neuration is unusual and considerably different from that of the tj-pical species ; vein 6 is shortly stalked with 7 ; 8, 9, 10 are stalked, anastomosing shortly with 11 near origin, and 8 anastomosing shortly with 7 near apex.

(3. Cyclura inconspicua sp. nov.

Forewings : dull lilac-grey, speckled with fuscous and black ; a slight brownish suffusion near base, and a brownish median shade, swelling out at end of cell and embracing the white cell-spot, then obliijue and narrowed to inner margin before middle ; a line of brown submarginal spots, that at anal angle conspicuous ; fringe rather darker.

Uindwinys : the same, with only a faint brown cloud in centre ; inner margin spotted with black.

Underside pale ochreous grey ; the forewings with an oblicjnc black streak from three-fourths of inner margin towards apex, before which it becomes obsolete, and is followed by many coarse black sjiots ; hindwings with a dark blotch at costa only. Face brown ; thorax like wings ; abdomen paler.

Expanse of wings : 24 mm.

One ? from St. Aiguan, November lt>97 (Meek).

Differs from the tyjje of the genus in neuration ; In and 11 are long-stalked ; 6 short-stalked with 7 and .s ; 9 absent (? coincident with 10).

7. Oreta obtusa Wlk.

The type of this species in the British Museum is without antennae ; but the oblique line on the forewings is straight, not curved as in catama Moore, and the underside of forewings is almost wholly brownish red ; in vatama, on the contrary, the yellow and red tints of the upperside are even more strongly contrasted below than above ; the autennal serrations in tatama are distinctly separate ; in obtus'i coalescent ; so the two species must be kept apart. Oreta obliquilinca Hmjjsn. are merely smaller and less distinctly marked specimens oi obtusa Wlk., with which they agree on the underside.


i^. Phalacra albilinea sj). uov.

Foreiciiigs : pale wood-colonr, finely black-speckled ; the lines indistinct ; a double dark line near base, angled in midwing ; at about two-fifths and three-fifths of costa arise two grey irregularly dentate-creuulate lines, vertical in direction to the median vein, then oblique and approximating, to inner margin at one-third ; the space between them pale yellowish ochreons ; the space immediately jireceding and following, as well as a subcostal streak, brownish ochreons ; at five-sixths of costa a double lunulate line vertical to vein 4, then sharjily oblinue to inner margin at two-fifths, clear white, with fine black edges joined by black dashes at the veins ; a strongly dentate snbmargiual line, the teeth outwardly marked in black ; an oblique grey cloud below apex from hiudmargiu to outer line : marginal line fine, grey ; fringe concolorous, with grey mottling ; two black dots on the discocellular.

nindivings : paler ; the pale central fascia as in forewings, but equally wide throughout, preceded by a subbasal brownish ochreons band, internally dark-edged, and followed by a brownish lunulate line ; outer line black, straight, slightly lunulate below costa, and preceded by a brownish lunulate line ; snbmarginal and marginal areas as in forewings ; two black dots on discocellular.

Underside whitish ochreous, dusted with grey ; the cell-dots black ; traces of three external grey lines, parallel to hindmargin. Face brown ; palpi black ; vertex and fillet whitish ochreous ; thorax and abdomen brownish ochreous.

Expanse of wings : 39 mm.

One t? from the Khasias, February 1897.

Family THYRIDIDAE. 9. Banisia albisig'nata sp. nov.

Forewings : very pale ochreous, faintly striated witli darker ; the costal edge marked with five or six black dashes, indicating the origin of transverse fasciae, traces of which are barely discernible near costa and along inner margin, especially one just beyond middle of the latter ; an obscure dark spot at bottom of the discocellular ; a diffuse greyish cloud below and beyond cell ; a large roundish whitish space at apex, ending in a point at end of vein 5, internally dark-margined, containing two dark spots and some scattered blackish scales ; fringe concolorous.

Iliudu-ings : white ; with a slightly darker fascia near base edged by two blackish lines ; and a more diffuse and broad central band fornied of black inter- lacing striae, partly tinged with ochraceons, but without any defined edging : marginal area rather bright ochraceons, inwardly edged by a fine darker, nearly straight line, witli a paler tooth-shaped mark from apex ; fringe ochraceons, white at anal angle.

Underside much brighter-coloured; the ajiical white blotch black-edged, and with a black cloud below it ; the costa whitish ; hindwings with the dark markings almost obsolete. Face and palpi ochraceons ; thorax like forewings ; abdomen whitish, slightly tinged with ochreous down the back.

Expanse of wings : 20 mm.

One ? from Warri, Niger Coast Protectorate, July 1S97 (Dr. Roth).

This species belongs to the group including atripunctalis Wlk., trifascialis Moore, tritroplm Swinh., and intcmlbicans Warr., distinguished by the com- paratively shorter and broader wings and obsoleteness of the usual transverse markings.

f 5)

M Banisia piperata sp. nov.

Fore/rin(/s : pale yellowish, crossed by five or six parallel, partially conflnent oranjre bands, -with somewhat angular edges ; the pale bands of yellow groiind-colonr between tbem formed of series of globnlar spots ; costal region finely dnsted with black ; marginal area with innumerable very minnte black points and scratches, some of which extend into the base of the orange fringe.

Ilindwings : the same.

Underside very similar, but more distinctly marked ; the costal edge more strongly marked with blackish dashes than on npperside. Head, thorax, and abdomen yellow spotted with orange.

Expanse of wings : 16 mm.

One ? from Ron Island, July IsOT (Doherty).

11. Banisia recti viata sp. nov.

Forewings : pale rufous brown, the veins darker ; finely reticulated with darker and with the lines deeper brown ; costa at base browner ; a curved line at one-fifth ; a straight thick brown lino from before middle of costa to before middle of inner margin ; a little beyond it two fine brown lines start from the costa, the first irregularly waved and partly double to two-thirds of inner margin, the second running obliquely outwards to below vein 4, and then forked to before and above anal angle; a curved brown line from before apex to the end of vein 4 ; fringe concolorons, with slightly darker basal line.

Hindiviiujs : with a straight dark line near base, another near middle, donble below the median, and there forming an irregular aunulns ; a straight tliick line from middle of costa towards anal angle continuing" the straight line of forewings ; two fine curved lines beyond, becoming snbmarginal and throwing oft' spurs to bindmargin.

Underside the same. Head, thorax, and abdomen concolorons with wings.

Expanse of wings : 30 mm.

One ? from Ansus, Jobi Island, April, May 1S07 (Doherty).

13. Hypolamprus cossoides sp. nov.

Forewings : fulvous yellow, suffused towards base along costa and inner margin with vinous brown, and marked with irregular transverse striae of the same colour ; a linear cell-spot vinous ; slight marginal spots between the veins ; fringe con- colorons.

Hind wings : similar.

Underside paler, with the markings fainter ; traces of a vinous curved ante- median streak on both wings. Head, thorax, and abdomen yellowish, mixed with vinous scales ; the shoulders altogether vinons.

Expanse of wings : 54 mm.

One c?_from St. Aignan, November 1897 (Meek).

Forewings with costal insinuate in middle, convex before apex, which is shortly falcate ; bindmargin sinuous ; hindwings broad ; the apex bluntly rect- angular ; hindmargin well rounded.

As it agrees with IL/poIamprus in the neuration, I have placed it in that genus ; but it will probably rcijuire a new one.

( 6 )

13. Hypolamprus submarmorata sp. nov.

Interiuediate l)etween //. leopardata Warr., from Cedar Bay, Queensland, and //. unicolor Warr., from Amboina ; of the same size as the former, the forewings with tlie markings much less distinct ; in the hindwings the dark central band forms between veins ij and <i a quadrate deep lirown spot, and the pale fasciae on each side form two s(jnare white spots with a dark central line.

Underside without the subcostal and cellular coppery patch ; the whole of both wings thickly and regnlarly studded with small black points and striae.

Four ? ? from St. Aignan, October 1897 (Meek).

Isothauma gen. nov.

Like Siculodes and Bhodoneura in shape and markings, but differing in the structure of the cell ; in the above-mentioned genera the upper half of the dis- cocellnlar is vertical and the lower oblique ; in Isothauma the reverse is the case, the upj)er half being oblique and the lower vertical ; this is especially noticeable in the hindwings, where tlio cell is very broad. Cell-spots formed by tufts of raised scales.

Type : Isothauma opalinula Mab. (Siculodes), from Madagascar.

Neothyris gen. nov.

Foreivings: elongate; costa shouldered at base, abruptly convex before apex, straight or even inflected between ; apex minutely subfalcate ; hindmargin curved, much more oblique in the lower half ; inner margin truncate at liase.

Hindwings : longer than broad ; apex prominent, bluntly rounded ; hindmargin rounded.

Antennae of c? slightly thickened towards base, pubescent or shortly ciliated, of ? filiform, simple ; basal joint surrounded by an involucre of scales, more con- spicuous in S; forehead with a slight projecting tuft of scales below ; palpi stout, porrect, the basal joint as large as the second, distinct and hairy, the third mnch smaller and smoother ; tongue and frenulum present. Hindtibiae with four long slender spurs ; all the femora fringed beneath with hairs,

Neuration: cell less than half of wing ; discocellular vertical ; first median at five-sixths, second, third, and lower radial all close together from round lower angle of cell : upjier radial and vein 7 from upper angle, the latter cnrved upwards at origin ; 8, 9 very long-stalked ; 10 and 11 free. Hindwings with the two snbcostals short-stalked, the upper anastomosing for some distance with the costal ; medians as in forewings.

Type : Neothyris aspirans sp. nov.

14. Neothyris aspirans sp. nov.

Forewings: fulvous, suffused with deep brown, and .with blackish brown transverse striae between the veins, forming an incomplete reticulation ; costa with dark oblique striae ; a wavy slightly curved blackish line from one-fifth of costa to one-third of inner margin, less distinct above ; an ill-defined oblique dark wavy line from inner margin just beyond, to beneath costa beyond the cell-spot, the included space generally dark brown : an ill-defined brown cloud beginning narrow at the costa at three-fourths and broadening to anal angle, the space before and beyond it

f 7 )

brig-liter fulvous ; fringe with the basal half deep brown-hlack, teniiiiial half white, cheijuered with brown boj-oiul the veins ; cell-spot obloni;', formed of dark scales, preceded in cell of c? onl)' by a roundish hyaline spot.

Hindwings : with basal fourth palo fulvous, a central curved brown band, broader towards costa, separated by a curved fulvous fascia from the wholly darker marginal third.

The tints in the c? are throup'hout darker than in the ? ; the central costal and subcostal areas are streaked witii grey scales in the S, the cell-spot being likewise ringed with grey.

Underside pale fawn-grey, speckled with darker, with a broad grey-brown marginal band ; both wings with longitudinal rows of dark dots between the veins; the cell- spots large and black ; large black blotches also below the origin of first median nervule, united to cell-spots by red-brown scales, thus forming a short oblique central streak ; inner marginal area of both wings below submarginal fold without markings. Head, thorax, and abdomen fulvous : undersnrface of antenual involucre, and of first joiot of palpi, and the pi'ctus whitish; legs brown, the tarsi cheiiuered with whitish.

Expanse of wings : 5G mm.

A pair from Woodlark Island, March 1807 (A. S. Meek).

Also a ? from St. Aignan, September 1807, from the same collector.

15. Pharambara subscripta sp. nov.

Forewinc/s: dnll greyish brown, covered with small darker striae, forming indistinct reticulations ; the fasciae darker, more clearly marked on costa and inner margin, at one-fourth, one-half, and three-fourths respectively ; the last strongly angled outwards towards middle of wing, in the direction of a small oval dark blotch before the hindmargin ; four small dark costal blotches before apex ; fringe concolorous.

IIii}ilicings : without distinct fasciae ; the basal third paler, followed by a broad darker shade, not reaching hindmargin except at anal angle.

Underside with ground-colour pale, and all the striae and markings by contrast darker and more distinct ; a row of black and lustrous metallic scales along the median vein, and another along vein 0 at base of the triangular projection of the third fascia, which is also marked with ferruginous scales. Head, thorax, and abdomen concolorous with wings.

Expanse of wings : 18 mm.

One ? from Warri, Niger Coast Protectorate, June 1897 (Dr. Roth).

Here also belongs the example which, in Nov. Zool. Vol. V. p. 224, I wrongly referred to thiastoralis Wlk., from South America.

Proterozeuxis gen. nov.

Forewiiiys : elongate ; the costa insinuate in middle, strongly depressed at apex ; hindmargin sinuate, strongly bowed below middle : inner margin faintly sinuate.

llinilwinys : small, triangular, the hindmargin sinuate, bulged at middle ; apex subacute ; anal angle subtruncate.

Abdomen (cJ) elongated, the anal segments with expansile tuft. Antennae {6) shortly but distinctly pectinated, the pectinations thickened towards extremity and

( 8 )

pnbescent ; palpi nptnrned obliquel)' in front of face ; third joint half as long as second. Freiuilnm present ; tongne ill-developed.

Nenration like that of Tli/polampim, bnt instead of S and H, T and 8 are stalked. Cell and main veins of forewiugs beneath clothed with broad shining argyrescent scales.

Type : Proterozeuxis splendida sp. nov.

Distingnished from the other genera by the pectination of the antennae in the S and the stalking of veins 7 and 8 of the forewings.

10. Proterozeuxis splendida sp. nov.

Foi'ewings : pale bright ochreous, with the striae lines and veins bright ferrnginons, the costa shaded with darker : a slightly bent line at one-third of costa to middle of inner margin ; a second from middle of costa, ontcnrved at end of cell, to inner margin before anal angle ; third line from costa at two-thirds, contorted to toncli second line beyond cell, to hiudmargin above anal angle, before which it is forked : fonrtli line snbapical, forked on costa, to end of vein 5 ; marginal line and fringe deep ferrnginons ; spaces between the lines witji fainter rnsty reticulations.

Hindivhu/s : similar.

Underside the same, only paler. Head, thorax, and abdomen oelireous mi.xed with dnil ferrnginons.

Expanse of wings : 34 mm.

One <J from Natal (A. J. Spillev).

IT. Siculodes naevina ab. carneata nov.

Differing from the typical form ot naevhia Moore, from Darjiling, which is also found in Borneo, the Philippines, and the Arn Islands, in having the costal and hindmarginal areas of forewings strongly suffused with flesh-colonr ; the hludwings slightly so ; the fringes of both wings flesh-colour. Underside of both wings, except the disc of forewings, the same colour.

One tJ from the Khasias.

Thus also the Khasia Hill form, which I have called tiihcrosnlis, differs from typical Sicidoilf.s aryentalis VVlk., both from India and from the different islands from which it has been recorded.

18. Striglina asinina sp. nov.

Foreivings : dull dark smoky brown, crossed by numerous curved and waved lines of darker striae ; a darker blotch on discocellular and another l)elow it, forming part of the lower half of a median fascia ; costa bright ochraceous between the dark lines ; fringe darker, sometimes tipi)ed with ochraceous.

Jlindtcinr/s : similar.

Underside ferruginous, with the striae and the two blotches blackish and distinct; hindmargin of both wings, especially the hindwings, and the fringes black. Head, thorax, and abdomen like wings ; palpi paler ; foretarsi internally white, externally black, with the tips of all the joints white.

Expanse of wings : 27 mm.

Six cJ<J, two ? ? , fromSula Mangoli, October— November 1897 (Doherty), and one ^ from Dorci, June lb'.)7 (Doiierty). In this last the underside is greyish ochreous instead of ferruginous, and the black margiiuil area much larger.

( 9 )

!'■». Striglina mediosecta AVarr., Nov. Zool. Vol. V. p. 424.

The type described from Kei Island, a ^, was the only one sent. I have since seen another <? from Ron Island, accompanied bj' two ¥ ? . These are slightly larger than the cJc?, and ditl'er especially in being rufous instead of brown, closely approaching in appearance the alierration r'llpina of S. deramta Warr.

Family URANIIDAE. 21). Stesichora unipuncta sp. nov.

Intermediate between <S'. nivea Warr. from the Kei Islands, which is spotless, except for three or four costal dots on the forewings, and titdidii Kirsch, from New Gninea, in which the hindwings have three marginal spots. The present species has a single large spot in the tail of the hindwings. The forewiugs have three or funr dots on costa towards base and two larger ones near ajiex.

Expanse of wings : 48 52 mm.

Two $S from St. Aignan, August November 1897 (Meek).

This form also occurs on Goodenough Island.

In view of the sliglit, though constant, dift'erences in these local forms, it seems advisable to consider all three as subspecies of AValker's -S'. pxelhiria, from Amboina and the neighbouring islands, which has always five spots on the hindmargin of hindwings. In all the forms the c? has a well-marked fovea in the forewings.

Family EPIPLEMIDAE. 21. Dirades pendula sp. nov.

Forewings : grey, tinged with fawn-colour ; the costa with fine black scales ; first line blackish, indistinct, outwards curved, from one-third of costa to middle of inner margin, where it forms a small black spot ; second line from five-sixths of costa, strongly curved, black, edged externally with jale, incurved above vein 4, then vertical to inner margin before anal angle ; between veins 4 and 5 the black inner edge swells out into a round spot with black nucleus, and forms another black spot at inner margin ; a row of fine black submarginal dashes : fringe concolorous.

Hindwings : with the outer line yellowish, bluntly angled in the middle, and edged inwardly with black scales below costa and before the inner marginal fold ; some black and fulvons marks along the median vein, and some blackish ill-shaped Innnles along margin between veins 3 and 7, which are slightly produced.

Underside pale grey. Head, thorax, and abdomen grey ; face and palpi brown.

Expanse of wings : 10 mm.

One S from Bali, low country, Jlarch April 1890 (Doherty).

22. Epiplema atrifasciata sp. nov.

Forewings : dark grey ; the costa black-speckled ; first line from one-fourth of costa to one-fourth of inner margin, very indistinct and interrupted, angled outwards in cell, and shortly followed there by the blackish cell-spot, which is followed by a short dash of pale scales ; outer line velvety black and broad, from two-thirds of costa to four-fifths of inner margin, bluntly angled below the middle, then parallel to hindmargin and fine, but preceded near inner margin by black scales running

( 10 )

parallel to it ; some black scales above anal augle, and a short dark curved mark before the hindmargiu beyond the cell ; fringe iron-grey.

Hindivinqs : with a narrow sinuoas white postmedian line, which forms a slight blnnt projection in middle, preceded by a broad blackish fascia ; a double dark dash on the discoccllular, forming on the median an acute angle with a broader white dash ; basal area crossed by several broken curved blackish lines ; a blackish snl)- maroinal shade ; a sinuous blackish marginal streak from upper tooth to below lower tooth, crossed by two white dashes ; a pale slightly ochreous spot on costa beyond outer line, which there is less strongly marked.

Underside of forewings uniform dull grey ; of hindwings pale grey with dark speckling between the veins. Face and paljji black ; vertex, thorax, and abdomen "rev ; the shoulders and patagia paler. Antennae with short broad serrations.

Expanse of wings : 24 mm.

One 6 from the Khasia Hills, December IS9(3.

Forewings with apex blnntly rounded, and a slight curved indentation ojiposite the cell ; inner margin sinuous ; anal angle almost lobed ; hindwings witli teeth at veins 4 and 7, and the costa sinuous.

23. Epiplema barbara sp. nov.

Forewings: pale sandy ochreous, dusted and striated with brown : tlie costa minutely dotted with black : first line obsolete ; second brown, from costa just lieyond middle, sinuate outwards to vein 4 and there angled, then oblique inwards, and reaching the inner margin at two-thirds as a vertical brown spot : a small brown curved mark before hindmargin beyond cell, and a ditfuse brown cloud at anal angle ; fringe concolorous, with some brown scales along the base.

llinilirings : with an obliijne brown streak on discocellnlar ; a double pale brown postmedian line, angled before the lower tooth, then bisinuato to anal angle : the inner arm is marked by a black-brown blotch on costa, a smaller one on vein 7, and a brown shade in the sinus below the median vein ; externally it is followed by another brownish line, and the space beyond its angle is filled in with pale grey and brownish scales ; a dark brown curved line from tooth to tooth ; a pale ochreons dash above a brown spot at the lower tooth ; some brown striae towards apex.

Underside of forewings dull grey, of hindwings pale ochreous with a few brown striae. Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous ; face and palpi dark brown.

Expanse of wings : 23 mm.

One 6 from Kampala, Uganda, January 1897 (Dr. Ansorge).

24. Epiplema bicolor sp. nov.

Forewings : grey, with a faint pink tinge, sparsely black-speckled ; first line at one-third, angled in midwing and denoted by oblique interrupted marks, those towards costa blackish, the three lower ones rufous ; outer line at two-thirds, starting as a broad oblique costal blotch, blackish on costa, rnfous below, angled on vein 5, then incurved parallel to hindmargin, and rejircsented by a row of red-brown spots between the veins, which are doubled above inner margin ; an obscure sub- marginal row of small dark dots ; a chocolate marginal line from below apex, thinning out towards anal angle : fringe rnfous, with paler basal line ; costa marked with black strigulae, and two or three black spots before apex.

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Ilindwings : rnfons grey, tinged with violet-brown along costa and at apex ; a red-brown postmedian line, parallel to hindmargin, marked with dark dots at the veins ; a more indistinct line towards base, and traces of two others between ; a violet-brown undulating shade along margin from npper tooth towards anal angle ; fringe violet-brown.

Underside of forewings dark grey, dotted with blackish, along costa pale grey ; of hindwings pale grey, with a broad smoky-black snbmarginal fascia. Face and palpi dark chocolate-brown ; vertex, thorax, and abdomen whitish grey.

Expanse of wings : 25 mm.

One c? from Ron Island, .Inly 1897 (W. Uoherty).

Forewings with hindmargin slightly toothed at vein 4, concave above, convex below ; hindwings prominently toothed at veins 4 and 7.

A very distinct species.

25. Epiplema diversipennis sp. nov.

Forewings : bluish white, speckled with smoky grey-brown ; the costa at base, a broadish curved fascia beyond middle, and a marginal fascia suffused witli the same colour ; fringe concolorous.

Iliiidiciiigs : with the base whitish and the apex white ; a postmedian pale line forming a lieak externally on vein 4, preceded by a thick blackish shade, which above vein 4 becomes smoky brown, and followed by a smoky brown shade above vein 4 and a purplish grey one below it ; traces of a fine double dark antemediau line, and another nearer base ; the space below vein 4 marked with yellow scales ; an irregularly waved blackish submarginal line from upper tooth to near anal angle, followed by a brown shade ; fringe brown, white at apex.

Underside of forewings smoky brown ; of hindwings smoky grey. Head and palpi blackish ; thorax whitish ; abdomen grey.

Expanse of wings : 24 mm.

One ? from Ansus, Jobi Island, April May 1897 (Doherty).

26. Epiplema illineata, nom. nov.

Epiplerna iUiturata Warr., Nov. Zool. V. p. 9.

The name UlitKrota must be altered, as I had already used it for an aberration oi Epiplema angidata. Cf. Nov. Zool. III. p. 275.

27. Monobolodes pallens sp. nov.

Foreioings : pale grey, thickly speckled with dark grey ; the lines nearly as in the following species, but less diffuse, ferruginous, with darker scales at the veins ; fringe iron-grey, with ferruginous line at base.

Ilindwings : similar, the line appearing less curved.

Underside uniform ]>ale grey, with sliglit darker dusting. Head, thorax, and abdomen concolorous with wings ; face and ])alpi grey-brown.

Expanse of wings : 25 mm.

One ? from Woodlark Island, March 1897 (A. S. Meek).

In both wings the outer line is nearer the hindmargin than in ^f. recti/ascia ; otherwise the markings are almost identical : but they appear to be good and distinct island forms.

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2(<. Monobolodes rectifascia sj). nov.

Forewings : dark purplish slate-colour, in certain lights appearing lilnish or leaden-colonrod ; thickly and confnspdlv' striiited tlironsrhont wit1i darker ; tlio two lines darker, brownish j>nrple ; the first very indistinct, apparently strongly cnrvod outwards in middle, as in J/, subfalcata, from one-fourth of costa to one-third of inner margin, where alone it is plain ; second, broader and diffuse, nearly straight, from two-thirds of costa to^^three-fourths of inner margin, before whicli it is faintly indented : fringe darker, slightly metallic, prcccilcd by a lino fcrrnginons line, which extends round the apex along the costa ; a faint submarginal shade.

Ilindivings : somewhat paler, with only the outer line, which is curved, more concise, pnrjdish brown mixed with ferruginous.

Underside uniform dull greyish slate-colour. Head, thorax, and abdomen all concolorons ; face and palpi slightly deeper.

Expanse of wings : 25 mm.

Three ? ? from Suer, Mefor, May and June l.>0: (W. Doherty).

Differs from the type sjiecies ^^. sudifdJcutd AVarr. from Queensland in tlio outer line being nearly straight, not strongly bulged lielow the middle.

20. Paradirades farinosa sp. nov.

ForPAcings : pale grey, thickly powdered with darker slightly ochreous strigae ; the costa somewhat darker-marked, but without any distinct dark spots ; no distinct markings ; a dull diti'use dark spot on discocellnlar, and an irregular dark blotch before middle of hindmargin, through which can [sometimes be traced a line submarginal line ; fringe concolorons, with rather darker basal line.

Ilii)dicings : sometimes with faint traces of an antemedian and postmedian darker line ; the striae generally denser before hindmargin.

Face and palpi deep chocolate-brown ; head, thorax, and abdomen like wings. Underside wholly dull grey.

Expanse of wings : 16 mm.

One ?, four S d , from St. Aignan, September November 1897 (Meek).

Distinguished at once by the absence of all defined markings.



3(J. Noreia venusta sp. nov.

Forewingi^ : leaden grey ; the costal edge, the cell-spot, the fringe, and the three transverse lines deep rosy ; first line obscnre, at one-third ; postmedian line at two-thirds, incurved to submedian fold below the cell-spot, then vertical ; sub- marginal line parallel throughout to hindmargin; ])oth formed of sagittate markings between the veins.

Ilindivings : the same.

Underside with the cell-spots blackish, and the lines dark grey: fringe reddish. Head, thorax, and abdomen grey ; face and palpi brown-black.

Expanse of wings : 38 mm.

One d from Mount Dulit, Borneo, February March 1894 (Hose).

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Differing from other species of the trenus ia the more rounded apex of forewiugs and in the character of the marliings ; but the ueuratiou is identical. The hind- wings beneath have no tnfts of hair.

31. Noreia vinacea »p. no v.

Foreicuigs : deep dove-colonr, shot with vinous, especially towards the hind- margin, and with very fine black dusting ; first line slender, from one-third of costa, oblique outwards to near middle of inner margin ; cell-spot linear, black, distinct ; outer line bright vinous edged with pale from beyond middle of inner margin towards apex, rectangularly bent on vein 5 and retracted to costa, the costal arm dark grey; fringe vinous beyond a very concise tine dark basal line.

Ilindwinys : similar, but the vinous line central, the costal area dove-grey ; no cell-spot.

Underside dark dove-grey, deeper towards hindmargins ; the cell-spots and a sinuous line at two-thirds blackish. Head, thorax, and abdomen shining grey ; face and palpi black-brown.

Expanse of wings : 38 mm.

One ? from Ansns, Jobi Island, April May 1897 (Doherty).

32. Physetostege (?) punctilinea sp. nov.

Forewings : reddish brown, the lines slightly darker, and marked by black vein-dots ; first from one-fourth of costa to one-third of inner margin, curved ; second from three-fourths of costa to two-thirds of inner margin, angled on veins 0 and 4 ; a very indistinct submarginal line; fringe reddish, with minute dark dots at the base ; cell-spot dark.

Hindwings : the same, without first line.

Underside duller, less reddish, with the markings very obscure : the ground- colour becoming darker towards hiudmargin, the fringe paler and reddish. Head, thorax, and abdomen like wings ; face and palpi dark red-browu ; basal joint of palpi sjjarply white.

Expanse of wings : 30 mm.

One ? from Sumba (Everett).

Referred to FInjsetostcge provisionally in the absence of the i ; the hindmargin of both wings is curved.

33. Taxeotis coUineata sp. nov.

Forewings : pale greyish fawn-colour, with sparse black dusting ; basal and marginal areas usually slightly darker and m(n'e thickl}' dusted than central ; costal edge ochraceous ; first Hue dark ferruginous from before one-third of costa to before one-third of inner margin, dentate outwards on subcostal, median, and submedian veins, concave between ; outer line deep fcrrunrinons, from costa at three-fourths, curved outwards to below vein 7, there acutely angled and obli(|nely sinuous inwards to two-thirds of inner margin, followed from angle to inner margin by a blackish externally dentate line, the space between the two lines 3-ellowish ; a row of round black marginal dots ; cell-spot minute ; fringe concolorous.

Ilimlicings : with the outer line continued at two-thirds ; cell-spot small.

Underside of forewings grey-tinged, of hindwings whitish, both thickly

( H )

peppered with black ; a sinuous postmedian line on Loth wings, thickened on veins ; cell-spots and marginal spots black. Face and palj)i dark I'errnginons ; basal joint of palpi ochreous ; vertex, thorax, and abdomen like wings ; abdomen beneath and legs whitish, like hiiidwings.

Exjiause of wings : 34 mm.

One c? from Bnrdekin River, County Davenport, Queensland.

Subfamily ORTHOSTIXINAE. 34. Bytharia lucida sp. nov.

Foreidngs : deep yellow, with the costa and hindmargin black-brown, more broadly at the apex ; the inner edge of the marginal border crennlatc ; the costal border slightly lustrous ; along the curved edge of the marginal border is a lustrous lunate-edged fascia : fringe black-brown.

JlindwiM/s : with marginal border narrower, its edge crenulate, ami with a lustrous fascia.

Underside like upper, but with no lustrous scaling. Abdomen, legs, face, and