This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project to make the world's books discoverable online.

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover.

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the publisher to a library and finally to you.

Usage guidelines

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.

We also ask that you:

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes.

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it.

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About Google Book Search

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web

at|http : //books . google . com/

;iV .

•»: 'iff- *


V.I -^ -.- N ^,-

s> \-^


-->» .'r«'->'^v>

#• J *






% ^ ^

if^ ^o. ^


Qa/ny 3*9

K^r-f 2

Jfearbarlr Colleje librarg



Widow of Col. James Warren Sevek, (Class of 1817)

Digitized by


Digitized by


Digitized by


Digitized by


Digitized by


</■. 1 1 o .1-


Canadian Magazine






Digitized by



MAY, 1904-OCTOBER, 1904



Two Canadians Painted by Paul Wickson 2

Sunset on The Bay of Fundy From a Photograph 88

Trout Fishing From a Photograph 194

Bic, The Beautiful From a Photograph 202

Atlantic Surf, near Halifax From a Photograph 390

Gathering Ferns, P.E I From a Photograph 488


Agricultural vs. Manufacturing Profits Archibald Blue. 523

Ames, Herbert Brown With Portrait Albert R. Carman. 308

Amusement in Statistics Stambury R, Tarr. 167

Annapolis Royal Illustrated Judge A. W. Savary. 333

Art of Paul Wickson Illustrated T. G, Marquis. 3

Automobiles of 1904 Illustrated T. A. Russell. 141

Automobile Races, First Illustrated Fergus Kyle. 429

Bay of Fundy, Outing on Illustrated F. C. Sears. 200

Bella Coola Illustrated Iver Fougner. 525

Blowitz (de), Memoirs of Knox Magee. 65

Building of a Railway Illustrated Hopkins J. Moorhouse. 97

By Canoe Walter S. Johnson. 125

Canadian Celebrities :

61.— Hon. J. L Tarte, with Portrait H. Franklin Gadsby. 32

52. Hon. Richard McBride, with Portrait T. A. Gregg, 209

53. Herbert Brown Ames, with Portrait Albert R. Carman. 308

54. Rt. Rev. Bishop Cridge, with Portrait .John Nelson. 422

55.— Hon. William Pugsley, with Portrait James Hannay. 537

Canadian Progress Illustrated 507

Canoeing Walter S. Johnson. 125

Cridge, Rt. Rev. Bishop With Portrait John Nelson. 422

Doyle, Conan With Portrait Haldane MacFall. 305

Education, Progress of Higher,

FOR Women Illustrated Hilda D. Oakeley. 500

Empire Club of London, Ladies' Illustrated Lally Bernard. 195

Farmer and Fisherman Compared Austin L. McCredie. 520

Fight for North America Illustrated A. G. Bradley.

42, 148, 234, 341, 439 539

Fire, Incidents at a Great Illustrated Fergus Kyle. 136

Fire, Toronto's Illustrated Norman Patterson. 128

First European Settlement in Xorth America The Editor. 338

Flowers, the Photography of Illustrated Harry L. Shepherd, 400

Founding of Bella Coola Illustrated Iver Fougner. 629

Grandfathers, How They Lived Illustrated Frank Yeigh. 22R

Hardy, Thomas With Portrait Haldane MacFall. 105

Heart of South America, Paragi ay Illustrated John D. Leckie, 391

Digitized by




Historical Greetings Reuben G, Thwaites, 390

Hydraulic Lift Lock Illustrated F, H, Dobbin, 425

Independence and the Treaty-making Power Professor de Sumichrast, 26

Japan and Russia, The Struggle Illustrated The Editor. 108

Japan— See ** Current Events Abroad.*'

Japan in Time of War Illustrated E, A. Wicker. 208

Japan's Leaders Illustrated ... Norman Patterson, 299

Japan, Through Ikuta to Nanko Temple. Illustrated E. A, Wicker, 489

Kipling, Rudyard With Portrait Haldane MacFaU, 305

Lift Lock, Hydraulic Illustrated F, H, Dobbin, 425

Literary Portraits :

1. George Meredith, with Portrait Haldane MacFall, 35

2. Thomas Hardy, with Portrait Haldane MacFall, 105

3.— Richard Whiteing, with Portrait Haldane MacFall, 206

4.— CoNAN Doyle, with Portrait Haldane MacFall, 306

5. Rudyard Kipling, with Portrait Haldane MacFall, 404

6.— Mrs. Humphry Ward, with Portrait Haldane MacFall, 497

Maritime Provikces, see *' People and Affairs " 376

Matthison, Edith Wynne Illustrated Marjorie R, Johnson, 39

Meredith, George With Portrait Haldane MacFall, 35

McBride, Hon. Richard With Portrait T, A, Gregg, 209

Mormons, My Misconceptions Regarding. Illustrated James L, Hugkes. 9

Nanko Temple Illustrated E, A, Wicker, 489

Nova Scotia, Progress of 514

NevA Scotia, Settlement of James Hannay, 323

Outing on the Bay of Fundy Illustrated F, C, Sears, 200

Paraguay Illustrated Jokn D, Leckie, 301

Parker's ** Old Quebec '* Review William Wood, 263

Photography of Flowers Illustrated Harry L, Shepherd, 400

Prince Edward Island's Progress F, J, Nash, 517

PUGSLEY, Hon. William With Portrait James Hannay, 537

Railway, The Building of a Illustrated Hopkins J, Moorhouse, 97

Reciprocity with the United States Symposium, 407

Reciprocity, United States Ideas of Charles H, Mclntyre, 416

Russia and Japan Illustrated The Editor, 108

Royal Victoria College Illustrated Hilda D. Oakeley, 500

Settlement, First in North America The Editor, 338

Settlement of Nova Scotia Illustrated James Hannay, 323

Statistics, Amusement in Stambury R. Tarr, 167

Tarte, Hon. J. Israel With Portrait H. Franklin Gadsby. 32

Treaty-making Power Professor de Sumichrast, 26

Testimony of the Post Office Norman Patterson 525

Toronto Fire Illustrated Norman Patterson, 128

United States, Reciprocity With Symposium, 407

United States Ideas of Reciprocity Charles H, Mclntyre, 416

United States Elections— See " Current Events Abroad." 574

Ward, Mrs. Humphry With Portrait Haldane MacFall 497

Whiteing, Richard With Portrait Haldane MacFall, 206

WiCKSON, Art of Paul Illustrated T, G, Marquis, 3

Digitized by




Ballygunge Cup W. A, Fraser, 461

Diplomat's Sacrifice W. A, Fraser, 118

Driver Dick's Last Run I^obeH J. C. Stead, 360

Furnishing of Pat McGuire Winnifred Boggs, 57

Happiness Guy de Maup<issanf. 469

Health of Euphemia Amy Walsh. 462

Her Burglar Eloise Day, 607

Jacko's Jeopardy Illustrated Erie Waters, 433

La Mere Sauvage Guy de Maupassant, 222

Land of Long Days Edward F. Strange, 169

On The Journey Guy de Maupassant, 311

Our Mysterious Passenger Robert Dawson Rudolf, 355

Piece of String Guy de Maupassant. 557

Rrchristening of Diablo W. A. Eraser. 315

Scoring of The Raja W. A. Eraser. 214

Shaw's Comedy Albert R. Carman. 258

Something New in Golf Balls Illustrated Theodore Roberts, 64

Star-Blanket Dufican Campbell Scott. 251

The Last Shot Marguerite Evans. 163

The Necklace Guy de Maupassant. 113

The Peddler's Lift /. W. Fuller. 68

The Tenant Who Rented a Heart Florence Hamilton Randal. 364

The Wreck Guy de Maupassant. 17

Woman-Hater's Stratagem William Holloway. 561


About New Books 87, 184. 279, 379, 477, 683

Canada for The Canadians 95, 191, 289, 387, 485, oSl

Current Events Abroad 75, 172, 267, 367, 465, 574

Idle Moments 91, 187. 285, 383, 481, 587

Oddities and Curiosities 93, 189. 287, 385, 483, 589

People and Affairs 83, 180, 275, 376, 473, 579

Woman's Sphere 79. 176, 271, 371, 469, 570


A Reflection Robert Ellis Cringan. 368

From Kobe to Canada E. A. Wicher. 171

Graves of the English Dead Vernon Nott, 257

Her Laughter Vernon Nott, 74

Japan Vernon Nott. 458

Midsummer B. J. Thompson, 424

Queen's Pawn Vernon Nott. 363

Song of Toil William J, Fischer, 147

Spring in Canada William Wilfred Campbell, 24

The Aliens Return John Stuart Thomson 8

The Forlorn Hope IsabelE. Mackay. 23

The Greater Life Ida Hanson. 538

The Heart of the Woods William J, Fischer. 221

To Isaac Walton .John Henderson. 322

The Lost Key Isabel E. Mackay. 366

The Unknowing Virna Sheard, 354

Transformation William J. Fischer. 438

Veil of THE Soul. Inglis Morse. 636

With Life , Theodore Roberts. 38

Digitized by


;)Ke[cnes or non. mn i arte, iyuss maiinison ana ueo. ivieret












Keep yourself well

and daily use

Epps's Cocoa

The Orig^inal Cocoa for

Breakfast and Supper.

Epps's Coeoa

The most Nutritious

and Economical.

vSt. Denis flotel

Broadway and Eleventh Street NEW YORK

European Plan

: Location


The Convenient Location, Tasteful Appointment, Reas- onable Charg-os, Courteous Attendance, and Cuisine of Exceptional Excellence are CharacleriKtic of tljis Hotel, and have «iecured and Retained for it a patronag-c of the Hig^hcst Order.






It must needs be a good thing- that can withstand the immense pressure of uprising competition, and yet defy comparison; small marvel, therefore, that with the flight of years ENOS FRUIT SALT" has become .»known far and wide for what it is worth, one of the most Potent, Simple, and Agreeable factors in main- taining Health. It assists the functions of the Liver, Bowels, Skin, and Kidneys bv Natural Means, and thus RECTIFIES THE STOMACH AND MAKES THE LIVER LAUGH WITH JOY !

CAUTION.— Examine the Bottle and Cap- sule, and see that they are marked < ENO'S FRUIT SALT.' Otherwise you have been imposed upon by a Worthless imi- tation.

Wholesale of Messrs. Evan.s & Sons, Ltd., Montreal and Toronto, Canada.


n«gic Baking Powder. OUlett't Perfumed Lye. Imperial Baklnir Powder. QlIIett*t Cream Tartar. Royal Yeajt Cakes.

OUlett't nammotb Blue. Jlagic Bakinir Soda.

OUIett's Wasbinff Crywtti*


(KaTASLiSHCD issa}





Limited, torokto

Digitized by



CO *

z ->

< I


< T



Digitized by






No. 1



IT is a brave Canadian who will determine to devote his life to art and remain in the Dominion. Our poets have realized this, and, one by one, have drifted like Parker to London or like Roberts, Carman and Stringer to New York. Pictorial art receives even less encour- agement. The Government has given aid, but the money has not been wise- ly spent. Buyers are few, and these for the most part have an inade- quate appreciation of the value of paintings. Despite these facts several Canadians have seen fit, after industriously studying abroad, to return to Canada to try to live their art life in their native land. One of these en- thusiastic young Canadians with real genius is Mr. Paul Wickson, of Paris, Ontario. As Mr. Wick- son has lately been chosen, above all others of our artists, on ac- count of his ability as a lands- capist, a figure painter and a painter of aJl kinds of domestic animals, to paint a series of pic- tures representing every phase of Canadian farm life for the Cana- dian building at the St. Louis Exhibition, it will doubtless be of interest to the general public to know something of the man and his art.

Mr. Wickson is a native of Toronto, his father having been a graduate of the University of

Toronto, and a well - known edu- cationalist. Like many men of real power he seems, however, to have inherited his artistic temperament from his mother. Fortunately for young Wickson his family removed to England when he was a child. He early began to use the pencil with skill and his parents, seeing the bent of his mind, sent him to South Kensington School of Art; and that his pictures all show power and accuracy in draw-



Digitized by




Mr. Wickson's best known production

ing is due largely to the long years of study spent in this institution. While there he carried off prizes in different branches of study and the school medal for oil painting of still life. During his student days the Director for Art at different times gave him commis- sions. He was a diligent student in many directions, and painted portraits, landscape and marine, in oil, pastel and water-colour. While in England he exhibited pictures in the Royal Acad- emy and other public galleries. Though his pictures were good, they were not strikingly original. He had no pro- nounced specialty and in his early work he waS, as it were, striving to find out what he could do best.

In 1885, Mr. Wickson returned to his native land to marry Miss Hamil- ton, of Paris. He continued to paint, but in a half-hearted, undecided kind of way. He believed, however, that there was room in this country for a painter of Canadian subjects, and the feeling grew upon him that he could paint pictures, if not as great, as truly representative of Canadian scenery and life, as were the pictures of the

Highlands by Landseer, or those of the French peasant by Millet. There was a difHculty in the way. Canada is essentially an agricultural country, and any pictures distinctively Canadian in subject must include the painting of animals. He had now a fresh art im- petus. Here was a new field for his endeavour. He had always lived a city life, and had never been a close student of natural history, or compara- tive anatomy, but he industriously ap- plied himself and very soon had an in- timate knowledge of the horse. For several years he devoted himself al- most exclusively to the painting of race horses and, in order to see the noblest of animals at his best, spent much time visiting stock farms and stables with the definite purpose of getting an insight into every detail of Canadian farm life. He had found his metier, A painter of Canadian sub- jects he would be, and the horse, which has carried the pioneers through the broad Dominion, that is breaking up the fertile West and so nobly serves the mounted plainsmen of the Territor- ies, would play the chief role in his pic-

Digitized by




A *' Commission" Picture by Paul Wickson

tures. With this aim in life he re- turned to England and spent a winter in studying the great masters of the past and in meeting the more promi- nent of the present day artists. On his return to Canada he began in earnest the Canadian subject pictures which he has since continued to paint with suc- cess.

To the larger art world Mr. Wick- son's fame rests mainly on his The March of Civilisation, Sir William Van Home, who is himself an artist of no mean ability, once said that he would like to see a Canadian paint a Canadian historical picture. These words inspired Mr. Wickson*s brush, and he set to work on this splendid canvas. It was first exhibited by Mr. Wilson, the art dealer of Ottawa. It attracted the attention of the Canadian Commissioner, and was purchased by him as an attraction for the Canadian building at the Pan-American Exposi- tion at Buffalo. It may to some seem a strange whim on the part of the art- ist to call this a historical picture. But how truly it is one ! The opening of the West, and the passing of the In-

dian, the most important of our histori- cal events, are both depicted in this noble study vividly and fully. There is in it **no striving to make the sub- ject tell by overloading it with acces- sories." There are no unnecessary de- tails, and the repose of technical me- thod, the subdued atmosphere, the quietness of the setting, the figures well drawn and easy in pose, all make it a great picture.

No Complaints is a companion pic- ture to The March of Civilisation, Like the former it is an oil painting. By the end of the year it will probably be better known than The March oj Civilisationy as it was painted for the Dominion Government, and will be in the Canadian building at the St. Louis Exhibition. The unlimited prairie, the contrast between the sturdy settler in his rough working garb and the bril- liantly attired mounted policeman, be- tween the patient plow horse and the well-groomed charger, make a very striking picture. In these studies Mr. Wickson tells a story and relates an incident, but he realizes that these things are essentially the work of the

Digitized by




writer, and while doing so does not strive to make a literary impression, but devotes his energy to his horses, which are the objects that rivet the ob- server's attention. In both paintings there is a masculine directness of brush work, a technical vigour that are acquired only after years of careful study and practice.

His Two Canadians has not yet been exhibited. The writer saw it when it was in the last stages of completion, and, though not an art critic, could not but feel that he was in the pres- ence of a really great work of art. Mr. Wickson himself considers it his best painting. It proves him a master of composition. It is an arrangement of masses contrasted, the light horse and the golden-bay horse, the blue sky and the dark masses of trees, the light green grass and the warm grey of the road. Over it all there is a sunny at- mosphere that gives it a remarkable charm. In this picture Mr. Wickson will be found to be a reserved and striking colourist, and, as in all his other paintings, a sure and masterly

draughtsman. The shadows are well managed. There is a subtlety of colour gradation, a variation in the flowing lines, a freedom from artificial- ity, a fine sympathy with nature that is probably without a rival in Canadian art. This is the largest canvas Mr. Wickson has painted, and should re- ceive an enthusiastic welcome from those who profess a desire to foster Canadian art.

Of a different nature is the pastel The Veterinary, Its central figure is the commonest type of a Canadian farm horse. The scene is early morn- ing, and the light of the lamp is over the figures. This study is a small but highly finished piece of work.

Canadian Slwrt-Horn Cattle is an- other large oil painting. In this pic- ture there is portrayed a group of the highest type of short-horn cattle. The animals are standing in a June meadow. The soft green grass in the foreground, the more delicate green of the willows in the background, and the dark red, roan and white of the ani- mals make a fine colour scheme. This

Digitized by




A Settler sigriing" the Patrol Report of the Northwest Mounted Police

picture was a commission, and the art- ist had chiefly in mind to show the shape of the animals to the best pos- sible advantage. They are splendidly drawn; as a colourist Mr. Wickson once more excels, and the dreamy June sunshine which pervades the scene adds much to the general effect. There is, however, something lacking in it. The animals look as if they were placed for a photograph and the group is wanting in animation and variety.

For his work Mr. Wickson finds his best inspiration in the country. This has ever been the case with landscap- ists and nature painters, Corot, Fred- erick Walker, George Mason found their strength in the fields and the vil- lages; Landseer's fame rests largely on such pictures as The Shepherd's Chief Mourner and The Monarch of the Glen^ and his lengthy sojourns in the High- lands enabled him to produce them; Millet had to flee from Paris and return to his native soil and his peasants of whom he was one before he could produce The S^wer or The AngeluSy and Mr. Wickson has wisely decid- ed to live in the midst of the life he

would portray. In his painting, too, there is no guess work. All is from life. The sturdy farmer in The March of Civilisation is Mr. Crozier, a farmer living in the vicinity of Paris; the vet- erinary is Mr. Fasken of the same town ; the mounted policeman in No Complaints is Sergeant Wilson of the Northwest Mounted Police; and his Indians are natives of Canada. While he is at work he has everything he de- picts before him. Added to this, he is a keen observer and a close student of nature, and is conscious that the de- tails of his pictures require as much attention as the main figures.

Mr. Wickson will in a very short time doubtless be recognized as one of the greatest of horse painters. John Charlton, Rosa Bonheur, Mrs. Eliza- beth Thompson Butler, Caton Wood- ville have all treated the horse with vigour and insight, but it has almost invariably been the horse in action in the excitement of the horse fair, in the maddening charge of the Scots Grays or in such pictures as Saving the Guns, Mr. Wickson has seen fit to study the horse in repose, the horse as he is

Digitized by



generally seen in Canada. He recog- though his colour sense, especially in nizes a poetry in common things, and his latest pictures, is exceedingly deli- does not select the unusual in nature cate.

for his brush. Mr. Wickson has an ideal abode for

As his pictures are studied, the ob- an artist in the beautiful town of Paris,

server will note that the artist is in the The view from his home is one of the

background. He never obtrudes him- finest in Canada. Here he spends his

self. The subject is everything. This, time studying country life, cultivating

according to no less an authority than his flowers and industriously painting

Ruskin, is a mark of true genius. He his pictures. He has always a weU

pleases by no tricks that cause one to come for visitors, and literary men and

exclaim, ** What a clever artist!" The artists in particular find him a most

imitation of surfaces and textures play genial host. a very secondary part in his work, al-



SO quietly the alien night Stirs in the cinnamon and musk, And at the borders of the dusk The Orient day fails, light by light.

It is the heathens' altar fire,

Their unknown god, my unloved home;

But ever as I farther roam I worship thee in their desire.

And to the calling of the sea

I give thy name, that it may speak

Along all shores, the love I seek. And somewhere bring my faith to thee.

It could not be I should forget;

My love is only part of thine;

And each long night there seems to shine A new star, o'er thy vigil set.

All ways are thus love's Bethlehem;

And I shall find thee, for thy truth,

All beauteous in unfading youth, As passing days pale not the gem.

And in thy trial, thou shalt add

New glories to thy wide sweet eyes:

A holiness born of the skies And given for prayer to Galahad.

From winter stress to springtide heat;

From pain to promise; frost to flower;

All sorrows fruited in that hour: Thus shall I know thee when we meet.

Ceylon, February, 1904.

Digitized by VjOOQ IC







WEEK in Salt Lake City revealed many things to me. I learned much that I did not know before, but my learning consisted chieif- ly in finding that so many things which I thought were true were not.

I had a hazy opinion that the Mor- mons were an ignorant, unprogressive, rather fanatical people until 1900, when Mrs. Susa Young Gates, one of Brigham Young's daughters, startled and charmed the people of Toronto by her eloquence, her advanced ideas regarding education and sociology, her comprehensive enlightenment, and her strong yet gentle womanliness. Those who heard her at the meeting of the National Household Economic Association, promptly asked each other

at the close of her first address ** How can that combination of sim- plicity of manner, practical common- sense, broad general culture, original- ity and power, be a product of Mor- monism ?"

I was still further astonished when I had the privilege of meeting the indi- vidual members of the Utah delega- tion at the National Suffrage Conven- tion in Washington in 1902. In per- sonal appearance and in intelligence that delegation of about a dozen wo- men stood in the front rank, and would not need to take a second place in any gathering of women in any part of the world. They seemed to have an added dignity from the consciousness that they represented a state whose men were so liberal and so progressive as

Digitized by





to grant to womanhood the right of complete suffrage.

The interest aroused by meeting these types of Mormon women led me to accept very promptly an invitation to deliver a course of five lectures be- fore the Teachers' Association of Utah in Salt Lake City in 1902. I was so fortunate as to reach Salt Lake City an hour before the close of the Annual Conference of the Mormon Church, and I soon made my way to Taber- nacle Square.

Brigham Young laid out Salt Lake City in squares of ten acres, and on Tabernacle Square he erected three great buildings the Temple, a mag- nificent granite building; the Taber- nacle, which is a vast arched roof sup- ported by massive stone piers along the sides with immense doors between the piers, and the Assembly Hall. The Temple is devoted exclusively to two kinds of religious exercises marriage and the ceremonies for the dead. No Gentile is permitted to enter the Tem- ple at any time, and no Mormon may enter for any purpose but the two named, and then only by special permis- sion of the President. The Tabernacle is the place of meeting for religious ex- ercises, sacred concerts, conference

meetings, and other church gather- ings. The Assembly Hall is used for lectures and business meetings. The Tabernacle seats about ten thousand, and the Assembly Hall four thousand.

On arriving at the great square I found a crowd of several thousand men and women busily engaged in friendly intercourse preparatory to separating after a meeting in which they had been engaged for several days. I hurried through the throng to the Tabernacle, anxious to be pres- ent at the closing exercises of the conference. I entered by one of the great side doors, and found a vast audience of ten thousand listening in- tently to the last words of President Smith. He stood in the centre of a great gallery which surrounds the fine organ of the Tabernacle, and on which were seated in tiers rising almost to the roof the large choir, which took first place among American choirs at the musical competition at the Chicago Exhibition in 1893, and several hun- dred of the leading officers of the church throughout the world. Imme- diately under him sat the three Coun- sellors, who take rank next to him and are his advisors. Under the Counsel- lors sat the twelve Apostles of the church, and radiating upwards and outwards from this central group sat the Bishops, the Heads of Seventies, the Elders, and other leading officials.

I looked; I could not listen. I stud- ied the vast concourse for a few min- utes as a whole, and then began a careful character study of the faces within my range. I looked first at the men, expecting, I confess, to find evi- dences of selfishness if not of coarse- ness. I saw nothing of what I had been led to expect. Those faces re- vealed intelligence, enthusiasm, prac- tical sense and intense earnestness. I next searched for the unhappy faces of dissatisfied, repressed women. Again I searched in vain. I saw contented, high-minded women, calm and digni- fied, conscious of a freedom still re- fused to most women, but winsome and womanly. The Mormon type as I saw it in the Tabernacle and around

Digitized by




it may be described as a composite type which might be formed by a union of the strong distinctive elements of Methodists and Quakers.

The President spoke briefly, and after the closing hymn he prayed fer- vently and gave the closing benedic- tion. Then through the thirty-four doors between the supporting piers the great audience swept out in a few mo- ments. The officials of the church in the end gallery remained for more ex- tended farewells. I scanned the faces of the women on the gallery searching for my one friend in Utah, Mrs. Gates. Not seeing her, I walked across the Tabernacle to an old lady, the only one who had remained seated after the audience dispersed. I told her I was looking for Mrs. Susa Young Gates, and asked if she knew her.

** I think so," she replied merrily, **I am her mother." So I had the satis- faction of meeting one of the widows of the great leader himself, and of be- ing introduced by her to Apostle Reed Smoot, now United States senator from Utah.

Then began a series of revelations which removed some of my miscon- ceptions. Apostle Smoot kindly took me to the Presi- dent's office and answered my many questions for an hour till the Presi- dent of the Teach- ers' Association came for me. A pos- tle Smoot was him- self, a revelation. I had thought that Apostles must nec- essarily be minis- ters. I found him to be a millionaire, a business gentle- man of ability and high standing. I learned trom him that the Bishops are generally business men, and that the leading church offi-

cers are chosen from the wisest and most successful men of their dis- tricts. He told me that the Mormon Church at that time had over eight- een hundred young men and women doing missionary work in different parts of the world; but I found that mission work does not necessarily mean trying to make converts for the church. In most cases it means per- forming some work of a business char- acter for the church. One noteworthy feature of the mission work is that the young men who %o to Europe or to the Sandwich Islands, or to Canada, or to any other country to work for the church, pay their own expenses. It is a mission of self-sacrifice for the com- mon weal, and such an experience must tend to the development of a strong, true type of character.

I asked Apostle Smoot about the education of the girls, and found that the Mormons are more keenly alive to the importance of highly cultured, well developed, properly trained mother- hood, than any other people I have met. This need is not a matter of opinion merely it is a vital element in their system. I found in the schools.


Digitized by



JOSEPH F. SMITH President of the Mormon People

the academies, and the university that the girls and young women are receiving just as thorough an edu- cation as the young men. Apostle Smoot's sister is at the head of the Kindergarten Training College for Utah. She was trained in Boston. President Smith, the present head of the Mormon people, told me that he had sent his daughters to New York, one to study Kindergarten princi- ples, and the other to study Do- mestic Science. The second State Superintendent of Schools in Utah was a woman Mrs. McVicker. The daughterofSusa Young Gates, after courses under leading musicians in America and three years' training in Berlin, is, at the age of twenty-two, the most promising singer of Ameri- can birth. Major Pond tried to atone for some of the wrong he did her grandfather by arranging her con- certs in the great music halls of Bos- ton, New York and the other great cities of the east.

The interest taken in musical edu- cation was one of my surprises. Many of the young men and women who show special talent for music are sent abroad for a thorough musical education. Brigham Young was a man of

comprehensive insight and masterful execu- tive ability. In the midst of his ceaseless work in transforming a desert into a most fruitful country, in designing and erecting the most remarkable places of worship in America, in laying out a beautiful city, and in planning one of the most perfectly organ- ized religious and social systems in the world, he still found time to study educa- tional systems, and he gave his people a system that aims to cultivate the whole na- ture of the child, physically, intellectually, practically, esthetically, and spiritually.

One of the established customs in Salt Lake City is to give an organ recital once a week during the noon hour on the great organ in the Tabernacle. Thousands attend these recitals to hear the talented young or- ganist, Mr. McLellan, perform the best music of the great composers.

I found, too, that the Mormon people have

very advanced educational institutions. The

State schools and the Mormon schools pro-

ARTHLR H. LLND vide an excellent education for the people.

Counsellor I have not seen anywhere in the United States

Digitized by



JOHN R. WINDER Counsellor

a more advanced Normal School than the State Normal School in Salt Lake City.

I had believed that the Mormon leaders tried to keep their people shut in from the world in order that they might more easily be kept in the faith. I found it to be a cardinal principle of the church to send the leading young men and women abroad for study and work in order that they may bring back to Utah the most advanced ideals of the highest civilization in all lands. They usually have about two thousand young people in other lands, and in nearly all cases they have been guided by the church into the courses of study or work they are pursuing. Most of these young people have been educated at the church academies or the univer- sity.

I was surprised when Apostle Smoot pointed across the street to a building which he told me was the Historical Building of the church, in which are kept the records of all the individual members of the Mormon faith in the world. I was still more surprised to find that these records include the children as soon as they begin to per-

form some of the simpler practical du- ties of the church. The boys are or- ganized as deacons for certain duties under the direction of an elder. The organization of the church is absolute- ly complete, and each division and sub- division is a perfect organization with- in itself. In each of the smallest dis- tricts into which Mormon territories are divided there is a house in which the offerings of the people for chari- table purposes are kept, and from which they are distributed by the Elder in charge of that department of work. The boys of the district under his di- rection collect and distribute the chari- table offerings. In case a widow has no son and is poor, the boys of the district who are organized for church work cut her wood and do other neces- sary work for her. They are thus trained in the only sure way to under- stand and practise the fundamental principles of community life and of loving service for the needy. As these young people develop special powers or talents, the record is made of their